CATAR

CATAR

Definition

A catarrh is an inflammation of the lining of the upper airways, which causes an increase in mucus secretion. Catarrh can be caused by a variety of factors, including viral, bacterial or fungal infections, allergies, irritants or cold.

Symptom

Catarrhal symptoms include:

  • Runny nose
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Itchy throat
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue

Treatment

Treatment of catarrh depends on the cause. In the case of infections, antibiotics or antiviral treatment may be given. In the case of allergies, treatment with antihistamines or corticosteroids may be given. In the case of irritants, avoidance may be tried.

Types of buckles

There are several types of cataract, depending on the cause:

  • Viral Qatar is the most common type of buckle. It is caused by a variety of viruses, including rhinoviruses, adenoviruses, coronaviruses and influenza.
  • Bacterial catarrh is less common than viral catarrh. It is caused by bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis.
  • Fungal tatar is the least common type of buckle. It is caused by fungi such as Candida albicans.
  • Allergic catarrh is caused by an allergic reaction to an allergen, such as pollen, dust or animal hair.
  • Irritated Cathar is caused by an irritant, such as smoke, dust or cigarette smoke.

Complications

Complications of catarrh can include:

  • Otitis media
  • Sinusitis
  • Bronchitis
  • Pneumonia

Prevention

To prevent catarrh, the following measures can be taken:

  • Wash your hands frequently
  • Avoid contact with sick people
  • Wear mask
  • Reduce exposure to allergens
  • Avoid smoke and pollution

Conclusion

Catarrh is a common condition that can be caused by a variety of factors. Symptoms of catarrh include runny nose, coughing, sore throat, itchy throat, headache and fatigue. Treatment of catarrh depends on the cause.